Monthly Archives: November 2017

Analisis kapabilitas teknologi sebagai determinan dalam Penerapan standardisasi manajemen produksi Pada industri manufaktur

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Penerapan standardisasi pada industri manufaktur semakin diperlukan dalam era persaingan

pasar global, khususnya untuk produk yang dengan persyaratan keselamatan dan kesehatan.

Standardisasi sangat diperlukan untuk pada produk/komoditi yang merupakan bagian/komponen

dari suatu sistem yang lain atau produk yang berbasis teknologi. Penerapan standardisasi pada

sektor manufaktur merupakan salah satu infrastruktur yang dapat digunakan untuk membangun

kapabilitas teknologi yang telah dimiliki perusahaan. Dalam perdagangan internasional,

standardisasi produk dapat digunakan untuk tujuan proteksi terhadap industri dalam negeri.

Namun kebijakan standardisasi dapat pula menjadi faktor yang menghambat kinerja perusahaan

dan mengurangi daya saingnya baik di tingkat nasional atapun internasional. Hal ini dapat

disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor antara lain lemahnya kapabilitas teknologi yang dimiliki

perusahaan sehingga tidak mampu menerapkan persyaratan jaminan mutu yang diharuskan.

Kapabilitas teknologi dapat didefinisikan sebagai kemampuan untuk mengelola teknologi baik

yang sudah dimiliki maupun perubahannya. Kapabilitas teknologi terdiri dari beberapa konstruk

yaitu kapabilitas operatif, suportif, akuisitif, investasi dan inovatif. Kapabilitas operatif adalah

kemampuan untuk mengatur fasilitas untuk mendapatkan produk yang sesuai kualitas dan

kuantitasnya. Kapabilitas suportif adalah kemampuan untuk mengelola proyek, akses finansial,

marketing, R & D, dan fasilitas uji. Kapabilitas inovatif adalah kemampuan untuk mengadopsi,

duplikasi dan meningkatkan teknologi yang ada. Kapabilitas investasi adalah kemampuan untuk

menyediakan dukungan financial serta kapabilitas akuisitif berkaitan dengan kemampuan

mempelajari dan meniru teknologi lain. Konstruk kapabilitas teknologi diwakili oleh berbagai

variabel manifes di mana antar variabel terdapat hubungan yang kuat. Untuk mendapat variabel

yang kuat, kapabilitas teknologi harus diuji dengan analisis faktor yang mampu mereduksi

berbagai variabel menjadi konstruk tertentu. Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk

menentukan variabel atau faktor yang dapat mewakili kapabilitas teknologi sector industri

otomotif. Mempelajari bagaimana pengaruh kapabilitas teknologi terhadap penerapan

standardisasi pada sektor manufaktur. Analisis dan pengolahan data dilakukan dengan analisis

faktor yang didukung dengan SEM (structural equation modelling). Faktor hasil ekstraksi

digunakan untuk analisis regresi majemuk untuk mempelajari hubungan kapabilitas teknologi

dengan penerapan standardisasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kapabilitas teknologi

dapat diekstraksi menjadi 3 faktor yaitu kapabilitas suportif, inovatif dan manufaktur. Semua

konstanta faktor memberikan nilai yang positif dan signifikan. Kapabilitas operatif (manufaktur)

merupakan faktor yang paling penting dalam penerapan standardisasi.

 

 

ANALISIS KAPABILITAS TEKNOLOGI SEBAGAI DETERMINAN DALAM PENERAPAN STANDARDISASI MANAJEMEN PRODUKS

PD jadi advokat mesti sering dihujat

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SEJAK MASIH ANAK-ANAK, Nur Ismanto—yang di kampungnya dulu biasa dipanggil Thole – dibesarkan di dalam lingkungan keluarga yang agamis. Sebagai anak ketujuh dari delapan bersaudara – enam di antaranya adalah perempuan – dan anak laki-laki kedua, ia dikenal cukup pintar, energik, dan gemar mengaji. Ia lahir di Dusun Ledoksari, Desa Kepek, Kecamatan Wonosari, Kabupaten  Gunungkidul, 1 Oktober 1959. Putra pasangan H. Ammar Rosyidi (alm.) dan Sukarisah

(alm.) ini lahir dalam kondisi kalung usus, yaitu badannya dililit tali pusar. Namun, berkat
kebesaran dan Ridha dari Allah SWT.,

 

Continual Improvement Within The Quality Management Systems

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Continual improvement is an important principle of total quality management and also new quality management principle involved to the revised ISO 9000 family of standards, which were officially released on 15th December 2000. It is an important part of the achievement and keeping of organization competitiveness and should be a permanent objective of the organization. Practical experience show that many companies are going out of business simply because they are not able to improve as quickly as their competitors.

 

According to the definition continual improvement is recurring activity to increase the ability to fulfil requirements. Its base is quality improvement, which is defined as part of quality management, focused on increasing the ability to fulfil quality requirements (ISO/FDIS 9000, 2000). Improvement activities are very similar to the problem solving activities. The main difference is that improvement activities are planned and usually organized as part of larger program, whilst problem solving is usually more reactive and unplanned. More info get this file Download Here

Tourism Services Quality Improvement

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To constantly satisfy the increasing demands of consumers and to face fierce competition, companies need to consider continuous improvement over the quality offered in products and services. Tourism is an economic activity that has seen constant growth in recent year and also offers very diverse services due to fierce competition. Therefore managers of the tourism units must consider concentrating resources on those elements that attract the most interest from customers, respectively on improving the quality and range of services. Quality awareness must begin with clear identification of customer requirements, regulatory requirements (rules, laws, applicable standards, etc.), and must continue with all other internal company processes involved in the product / service.

 

The development and the quality of tourist services are primarily dependent on the existence of adequate technical infrastructure, with adequate facilities, offering ideal conditions to the tourists, and to fulfill, as applicable, other functions. Secondly, tourism services are influenced by the efficiency of the staff, by the accommodation and catering capacities, by the treatment and leisure bases, the skill level of work, the organization of work in tourist establishments. In this context, the insufficiency of the accommodation and catering sectors, equipping them properly, mismatch between comfort level and discerning travelers, as well as the small number of workers or their poor preparation, adversely affect quality of tourism services as well as the size of tourist traffic and the possibilities for exploiting heritage.

 

The Quality of Tourist Services

The quality of products and services is one of the most important forms of assessment of the design capacity, the respect of technological discipline and the staff undertaking participatory attitude, through which the entire staff participates in the improvement of business activity, labor productivity growth, meeting customer requirements, increasing competitiveness between products on the market. Since tourism services are based on the interaction between customer and provider, it is crucial to underline the importance of human resources in this industry. According to SR EN ISO 9000/2000 quality is defined as “the extent to which a set of inherent characteristics of a product / service satisfy the customer’s requirements”.

World Tourism Organization understands the quality of tourism as being the result of a process which involves meeting all the needs, demands and legitimate consumer expectations in terms of product and service at an affordable price, in accordance with the contractual terms of a mutual agreement and adjacent determinants of quality which are security and protection, hygiene, accessibility, transparency, authenticity and harmonization of tourism activity concerned with the human and natural environment. The outcome of tourism can be measured by customer satisfaction and by the social, economic and environmental impacts of involved tourism activity. The process suggests that a single action is not sufficient to obtain the quality. More paragraph Download Here